A NS2 simulation tool plays a significant role in various projects relevant to networking. On the basis of different factors of networking, we list out a few NS2 simulation tool-based project topics and plans that could provide a wide range of possibilities for creativity and detailed exploration:

  1. Performance Evaluation of Routing Protocols in MANETs
  • Project Plan: Across Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs), the performance of different routing protocols such as OLSR, DSR, and AODV have to be compared and examined. Based on various network densities and mobility patterns, consider indicators like throughput, end-to-end delay, and packet delivery ratio.
  1. QoS in VoIP over Wireless LANs
  • Project Plan: For Voice over IP (VoIP) interactions, the issues of Quality of service (QoS) through wireless LANs must be explored. On VoIP quality, assess the effect of network parameters such as packet loss, jitter, and latency by simulating various contexts. Then, aim to suggest enhancement approaches.
  1. Energy-Efficient Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs)
  • Project Plan: To expand the durability of the network in WSNs, energy-effective interaction protocols have to be created and simulated. It is most significant to consider policies like dynamic energy management, data aggregation, and clustering.
  1. LTE Network Performance Analysis
  • Project Plan: Designing Long-Term Evolution (LTE) networks and studying their performance in terms of latency, spectral effectiveness, and throughput are the major aim. These can be achieved with the help of NS2. The effect of different aspects such as traffic load, cell density, and user mobility should be examined.
  1. Impact of Security Protocols on Network Performance
  • Project Plan: In applying various safety protocols like WPA2, WPA, and WEP in wireless networks, the performance effect has to be assessed. It is crucial to focus on several indicators such as computational cost, high latency, and throughput degradation.
  1. IPv6 Migration Strategies
  • Project Plan: The transition technologies that are involved from IPv4 to IPv6, like translation approaches, tunneling, and dual-stack have to be simulated. In various network platforms, evaluate the issues and efficacy of every policy.
  1. Congestion Control in High-Speed Networks
  • Project Plan: With the aim of minimizing latency and enhancing throughput, the latest congestion control methods must be modeled and simulated, especially for extensive-speed networks. Contrary to conventional techniques such as TCP Vegas and TCP Reno, compare the efficiency of your methods.
  1. SDN-Enabled Network Architectures
  • Project Plan: For investigating Software-Defined Networking (SDN)-based network frameworks and their effectiveness in network adaptability and handling, you can combine with exterior SDN controllers or simulate SDN-related activities even though the NS2 does not aid SDN directly.
  1. Multipath TCP (MPTCP) Performance Analysis
  • Project Plan: In employing several network paths to attain improved credibility and throughput, the efficiency of Multipath TCP has to be explored. In terms of diverse network states and path features, simulate contexts.
  1. Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) for Smart Cities
  • Project Plan: Specifically in smart city platforms, analyze interactions among vehicles by designing and simulating VANETs. For examining interaction latency and credibility, it is approachable to consider various applications such as actual-time navigation assistance, safety messages, and traffic management.

Tools Required for NS2 Projects

It is important to have the following tools to deal with NS2-based projects:

  • NS2 Simulator: The network protocols and contexts can be designed and simulated with the use of NS2 simulator.
  • NAM (Network Animator): To visualize NS2 simulation outcomes, employ NAM.
  • AWK Scripts: It is very helpful to analyze simulation trace files and retrieve relevant performance indicators.
  • GNUPlot/XGraph: Through the use of these tools, plot and examine outcomes in a graphical manner.
  • Text Editor: Draft and alter NS2 simulation scripts like Tcl scripts by using Text Editors.

Which software is used for practical performance of NS2?

In terms of the requirement of simulations and other major purposes, suitable software or tools have to be selected for realistic performance of NS2. The following are numerous software and tools that could be employed for the processes like performance analysis and visualization of simulations which are carried out in association with Network Simulator 2 (NS2):

  1. NS2 Itself
  • Generally, the major simulation platform is offered by NS2, in which you can design and implement devices, network protocols, and contexts with the help of Tool Command Language (Tcl) scripts.
  1. Network Animator (NAM)
  • Objective: The main objective of this software is the visualization of simulation contexts.
  • Characteristics: To observe network simulation signs and periodically debug the activity of the network protocol in a visual manner, the NAM software is considered as an animation tool. Across the network, this tool specifically enables users for viewing packet sharing, drops, motions, and receiving in a graphical way.
  1. AWK Scripting Language
  • Objective: Data extraction and processing are the major purposes.
  • Characteristics: From a wide range of trace files that are produced by NS2, particular performance indicators can be retrieved with the help of AWK which is referred to as a robust text processing tool. Through the utilization of AWK scripts, you can assess various indicators like packet delivery ratio, delay, throughput, and others.
  1. GNUPlot/XGraph
  • Objective: Depiction of outcomes in a graphical manner is the significant goal.
  • Characteristics: For plotting data in graphical patterns, different tools such as XGraph and GNUPlot can be employed. Among various simulation arguments and contexts, these tools can depict the performance indicators visually by capturing the processed output data that are mostly arranged with AWK scripts and by producing plots.
  1. Perl
  • Objective: The important aims of this software are data manipulation and scripting.
  • Characteristics: Perl is examined as another major scripting language which can be utilized along with NS2 simulations to carry out highly complicated data processing and automation missions. For processing simulations results in an extensive amount or handling wider collections of simulations, it is specifically more effective and helpful.
  1. Text Editors
  • Objective: Script writing and altering are the main purposes of Text Editors.
  • Characteristics: To draft and alter the Tcl scripts which are the description of NS2 simulations, any text editor can be employed. Some of them are Emacs, Vim, and Notepad++. The creation of a script can be highly effective when using an excellent text editor with syntax particularly emphasizing for Tcl.
  1. Tracegraph (Optional)
  • Objective: Tracegraph is for improved visualization and analysis.
  • Characteristics: For examining and visualizing NS2 trace files, Tracegraph offers supplementary abilities, and it is known as an external tool. This tool is specifically effective and helpful for educational-based research and can provide in-depth perceptions based on the network performance.

Integration and Workflow

In the process of carrying out and examining NS2 simulation, a general procedure includes:

  • To design the expected network context, drafting and execution of simulation scripts in NS2.
  • Utilization of NAM for the interpretation of network dynamics and for exploring the simulation in a visual manner for accuracy.
  • In order to retrieve important performance indicators, processing the produced trace files along with Perl or AWK scripts.
  • For analysis, plotting these indicators through the employment of XGraph or GNUPlot.

Ns2 Simulation Tool implementation

NS2 Simulation Tool Project Topics & Ideas

Scholars can find guidance on NS2 Simulation Tool Project Topics & Ideas, along with expert’s projects source code. Take a look at the trending titles we have provided below.

  1. Cross-Layer Design Approach for Power Control in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
  2. An efficient authentication scheme with strong privacy preservation for fog-assisted vehicular ad hoc networks based on blockchain and neuro-fuzzy
  3. Revisiting XOR-based network coding for energy efficient broadcasting in mobile ad hoc networks
  4. IP address autoconfiguration in ad hoc networks: Design, implementation and measurements
  5. Maximum lifetime broadcast communications in cooperative multihop wireless ad hoc networks: Centralized and distributed approaches
  6. Efficient group communications in location aware mobile ad-hoc networks
  7. Joint random access and power control game in ad hoc networks with noncooperative users
  8. Increasing fairness and efficiency using the MadMac protocol in ad hoc networks
  9. Performance of PKI-based security mechanisms in mobile ad hoc networks
  10. Distributed MAC protocol for multichannel cognitive radio ad hoc networks based on power control
  11. A Resource Reservation and Traffic Categorization Agent for QoS in Medical Ad Hoc Networks
  12. PassCAR: A passive clustering aided routing protocol for vehicular ad hoc networks
  13. Impact of noise and interference on probabilistic broadcast schemes in mobile ad-hoc networks
  14. A collaborative protocol for anonymous reporting in vehicular ad hoc networks
  15. Power optimization in ad hoc wireless network topology control with biconnectivity requirements
  16. TCP-aware network coding with opportunistic scheduling in wireless mobile ad hoc networks
  17. A greedy-based stable multi-path routing protocol in mobile ad hoc networks
  18. A novel approach for scalable multi-hop data dissemination in vehicular ad hoc networks
  19. Cognitive multicast with partially overlapped channels in vehicular ad hoc networks
  20. Risk-based attack strategies for mobile ad hoc networks under probabilistic attack modeling framework