Wireless Body Area Network Research Topics

WBAN stands for Wireless Body Area Network, which is a wireless network, used for connecting several sensor devices to one central device for analyzing and displaying result. By going through this research you can get a better understanding of the topic in detail. Continue reading this research paper to gain more knowledge about this topic.

  1. Define Wireless Body Area Network

WBAN is a wireless network, the main motive of this is to connect and enable communication between several wearable and medical sensor devices which are located on some person’s body. Primary purpose of this network is to provide real time data collection, transmission and monitoring of environmental, physiological and contextual data in the fields of sports, wellness, healthcare and many other applications.

  1. What is Wireless Body Area Network?

This network consists of actuators, sensors and other communication devices which are incorporated into clothes, accessories or attached to body. These devices are used to monitor some physiological parameters like temperature, heart rate, blood pressure etc. the data which are collected by the sensors then be transmitted to some other devices for monitoring, storing and analysis or to central hub such as computer or a smart phone.

  1. Where Wireless Body Area Network is used?

The uses of WBAN are as follows:

Healthcare Monitoring: This WBAN technology is mainly used in monitoring of health. These help professionals by monitoring patients with calculating vital signs and detecting abnormalities to provide patients with medical interventions at time.

Sports and Fitness: Athletics person and fitness freaks use WBAN in order to monitor their performance, heart rate, steps taken or calories burned. For keeping a healthy training routine and to maintain exertion, these data’s will help them.

Remote Patient Monitoring: Patients can be monitored by professionals from distance also with the help of WBAN. These help patients who are immobile, residents in area which are remote or one who require care for longer time.

Emergency Response: During any critical situations like accident or emergency, the WASN can transmit data related to the health condition of patient to any emergency responders for receiving treatment.

  1. Why Wireless Body Area Network is proposed? Previous Technology Issues

This technology was proposed in order to overcome the challenges and issues faced by previous technologies:

Continuous monitoring: This method can also collect data from patients even when they are not physically present in the hospital, which is not possible in traditional way of monitoring health.

Mobility and Comfort: This modern technology is very comfortable and light weight, so one can wear it comfortably throughout their whole day without any disturbance.

Remote monitoring: The earlier methods used for monitoring requires the patients to stay within some limited distances, but with WBAN technology, data can be collected from patients irrespective of the location.

Personalized Healthcare: WBAN can provide more personal data also which enables better understanding of the patient health, leads to good treatment plan and interventions.

Efficient Data Collection: The traditional method involves collecting data manually which can have errors also. By using WBAN data can be collected accurately and transmitted wirelessly.

Data Accessibility: Because of its easy accessibility through computers, smartphones or tablets, WBAN enables healthy collaboration between professionals and patients.

Emergency situations: At any emergency situations WBAN can transmit data to emergency responders to get quick effective treatment.

The limitations faced by previous technologies are:

Size and Portability: The earlier devices are so big which cannot be used continuously and not fit for daily use.

Limited Mobility: The previous device did not allow patients to move because of the equipment size and connection of it.

Interference: The traditional technologies faced interference problem due to wireless transmission.

Power Consumption: Older devices consume so much power which leads to recharge or replacement of batteries.

Data Accuracy: Small changes occur in health may not be noticed with manual collection of data.

Lack of Real-time Monitoring: The previous method can only collect data of patients only when they are available at hospitals and the conditions other than that will be missed.

  1. Algorithms / Protocols

The algorithms provided for WBAN technology to overcome the previous issues faced by it are: “Sensor agent algorithm”, “Fault aware trust determination”, “Cooperative network coding” algorithm, “Fault Detection algorithm”, “Expectation maximization algorithm” and “Apriori algorithm”, “Cluster head agent protocol” algorithm and “Evaluation based on distance from average solution”.

  1. Simulation results / Parameters

The approaches which were proposed to overcome the issues faced by WBAN are tested using different methodologies to analyze its performance. The comparison is done by using metrics like True positive rate, Data arrival rate, False alarm rate, RMSE, Propagation latency, Transaction epoch and Resource Consumption.

  1. Dataset LINKS / Important URL

Here are some of the links provided for you below to gain more knowledge about WBAN which can be useful for you:

  1. Wireless Body Area Network Applications

Some of the areas in which WBAN is applied are mentioned here: Telemedicine and Health monitoring, Fitness tracking, Sports, Elderly care and Assisted living, Fashion and Smart clothing, Data collection and Medical research, Disaster management and Emergency response.

  1. Topology

Generally topology defines the architecture of a network in which the sensors are connected to each other. Some of the common topologies used for WBAN are Star Topology, Mesh Topology, Hybrid Topology, Tree Topology, Daisy chain Topology and Cluster Topology.

  1. Environment

The WBAN environment involves many key elements such as: Motion and Mobility, Propagation and Signal attenuation, Physical proximity, Radio frequency interference, Channel Fading, Privacy and Security, Energy efficiency.

  1. Simulation Tools

Here we provide some simulation software for WBAN, which is established with the usage of tools like python along with Network simulator version 3.26 or above.

  1. Results

After going through this research based research on WBAN research topics which provide lot of information for you and utilize this to clarify the doubts you have about its technology, applications of this technology, different topologies of it, algorithms followed by it also about the limitations and how it can be overcome.

Wireless Body Area Network Research Ideas

  1. Review of Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access Schemes and Challenges in Wireless Body Area Network
  2. A Graph-Learning-Inspired Resource Optimization for Digital-Twin-Empowered Wireless Body Area Networks
  3. Distributed Energy-Efficient Clustering and Routing for Wearable IoT Enabled Wireless Body Area Networks
  4. BOSS: Bargaining-Based Optimal Slot Sharing in IEEE 802.15.6-Based Wireless Body Area Networks
  5. Wireless Body Area Networks and Their Applications—A Review
  6. Secure Wireless Body Area Networks for Healthcare: An Overview
  7. A miniaturized multi-frequency wide-band leaky wave button antenna for ISM/5G communications and WBAN applications
  8. Toward a Secure Industrial Wireless Body Area Network Focusing MAC Layer Protocols: An Analytical Review
  9. A Low-Cost Wireless Body Area Network for Human Activity Recognition in Healthy Life and Medical Applications
  10. Energy Conservation in Wireless Body Area Network Using Optimal Route Selection and Node Configuration
  11. Wearable Dual-Layer Planar Magnetoinductive Waveguide for Wireless Body Area Networks
  12. Energy Efficient Routing Methods in Wireless Body Area Networks: A Brief Study
  13. A Dual Optimization Mechanism for Energy Efficiency in Wireless Body Area Networks Based on Naive Bayesian Classifier and Hungarian Algorithm
  14. Wireless Body Area Networks: Applications and Congestion Control Technologies
  15. Improvement of a Highly Efficient Class-EF DPA with cross coupled HCN Doherty power Amplifier for Wireless body Area Network
  16. A Note on “A Lightweight Cloud-Assisted Identity-Based Anonymous Authentication and Key Agreement Protocol for Secure Wireless Body Area Network”
  17. A Provably Secure Lightweight Key Agreement Protocol for Wireless Body Area Networks in Healthcare System
  18. A MAC Protocol Based on Coefficient of Variation Method in Energy Harvesting Wireless Body Area Network
  19. Meta surface-Inspired Flexible Wearable MIMO Antenna Array for Wireless Body Area Network Applications and Biomedical Telemetry Devices
  20. Enhanced QoS-Aware Routing Protocol for Delay Sensitive Data in Wireless Body Area Networks
  21. Techniques to Ensure Quality of Service in Wireless Body Area Network: A Survey
  22. Multi-armed Bandit-based Channel Bonding for Off-body Communication in IEEE 802.15.6 Cognitive Radio Wireless Body Area Networks
  23. Advancement of a High-Efficiency Wearable Antenna Enabling Wireless Body Area Networks
  24. Adaptive Scheduling and Power Control for Multi-Objective Optimization in IEEE 802.15.6 Based Personalized Wireless Body Area Networks
  25. Security of Wireless Body Area Networks for Healthcare Applications: Comparison between ETSI and IEEE Approaches
  26. 21 MHz/2.4 GHz Dual-use Wearable Antenna for IEEE 802.15.6 Wireless Body Area Network
  27. Review on Workload and Resource Allocation in Edge-Based Wireless Body Area Networks
  28. Fairness-Aware Data Offloading in Wireless Body Area Networks with QoS Constraint
  29. Private Blockchain-Based Wireless Body Area Network Platform for Wearable Internet of Thing Devices in Healthcare
  30. Fuzzy rule-based grey wolf (GW-FIS) in Wireless Body Area Networks
  31. An Unsupervised Learning Approach for Human Activity Recognition Based on Wave Propagation in Wireless Body Area Networks
  32. Power Efficient Wireless Body Area Networks at Millimeter Wave MIMO Frequencies
  33. Wireless Body Area Networks utilizing Data Transmission Techniques based on Prediction
  34. LSNCP: Lightweight and Secure Numeric Comparison Protocol for Wireless Body Area Networks
  35. BAKA: Biometric Authentication and Key Agreement Scheme Based on Fuzzy Extractor for Wireless Body Area Networks
  36. Dynamic Data Rate Prediction Based on Congestion Severity in Wireless Body Area Networks
  37. Optimizing Transmission Power for Uplink Data in Cell-Free Wireless Body Area Networks
  38. Reinforcement Learning-based Contention Window Adjustment for Wireless Body Area Networks
  39. Network Reliability based Secure Routing Protocol (NRSRP) for Secure Transmission in Wireless Body Area Network
  40. Multi-Band Wearable Meta surface Antenna for Wireless Body Area Network Applications
  41. Tuatara: Location-Driven Power-Adaptive Communication for Wireless Body Area Networks
  42. A CRLH-TL Inspired Dual-Band Antenna with Polarization Diversity for Wrist-Worn Wireless Body Area Network Devices
  43. Wireless energy and information transfer in WBAN: A comprehensive state-of-the-art review
  44. Real-time health monitoring in WBANs using hybrid Metaheuristic-Driven Machine Learning Routing Protocol (MDML-RP)
  45. A PPG signal and body channel based encryption method for WBANs
  46. Internet of Things in healthcare: A survey on protocol standards, enabling technologies, WBAN architectures and open issues
  47. Novel MAC protocol for handling correlation and dynamics of medical traffic in WBANs
  48. A new energy-efficient and temperature-aware routing protocol based on fuzzy logic for multi-WBANs
  49. Energy efficient selection of spreading factor in LoRaWAN-based WBAN medical systems
  50. Energy efficient two-stage capacity allocation scheme for WBAN healthcare applications